The Arab Peace Initiative
The Council of Arab States at the
Summit Level at its 14th Ordinary Session,
Reaffirming the resolution taken
in June 1996 at the Cairo Extra-Ordinary Arab Summit that a just
and comprehensive peace in the Middle East is the strategic
option of the Arab countries, to be achieved in accordance with
international legality, and which would require a comparable
commitment on the part of the Israeli government,
Having listened to the statement
made by his royal highness Prince Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, crown
prince of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in which his highness
presented his initiative calling for full Israeli withdrawal
from all the Arab territories occupied since June 1967, in
implementation of Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338,
reaffirmed by the Madrid Conference of 1991 and the
land-for-peace principle, and Israel's acceptance of an
independent Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its
capital, in return for the establishment of normal relations in
the context of a comprehensive peace with Israel,
Emanating from the conviction of
the Arab countries that a military solution to the conflict will
not achieve peace or provide security for the parties, the
1. Requests Israel to reconsider
its policies and declare that a just peace is its strategic option
2. Further calls upon Israel to
I- Full Israeli withdrawal from
all the territories occupied since 1967, including the Syrian
Golan Heights, to the June 4, 1967 lines as well as the
remaining occupied Lebanese territories in the south of Lebanon.
II- Achievement of a just
solution to the Palestinian refugee problem to be agreed upon in
accordance with U.N. General Assembly Resolution 194.
III- The acceptance of the
establishment of a sovereign independent Palestinian state on
the Palestinian territories occupied since June 4, 1967 in the
West Bank and Gaza Strip, with East Jerusalem as its capital.
3. Consequently, the Arab
countries affirm the following:
I- Consider the Arab-Israeli
conflict ended, and enter into a peace agreement with Israel,
and provide security for all the states of the region.
II- Establish normal relations
with Israel in the context of this comprehensive peace.
4. Assures the rejection of all
forms of Palestinian patriation which conflict with the special
circumstances of the Arab host countries.
5. Calls upon the government of
Israel and all Israelis to accept this initiative in order to
safeguard the prospects for peace and stop the further shedding of
blood, enabling the Arab countries and Israel to live in peace and
good neighbourliness and provide future generations with security,
stability and prosperity.
6. Invites the international
community and all countries and organisations to support this
7. Requests the chairman of the
summit to form a special committee composed of some of its
concerned member states and the secretary general of the League of
Arab States to pursue the necessary contacts to gain support for
this initiative at all levels, particularly from the United
Nations, the Security Council, the United States of America, the
Russian Federation, the Muslim states and the European Union.
For purposes of
comparison, the following is an earlier draft discussed by Arab foreign
ministers on 25 March, 2002, in advance of the summit:
The Council of the Arab League, which convenes at the level of a summit on
March 27-28, 2002 in Beirut, affirms the Arab position that achieving just
and comprehensive peace is a strategic choice and goal for the Arab states.
After the Council heard the statement of Crown Prince Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz
in which he called for the establishment of normal relations in the context
of a comprehensive peace with Israel, and that Israel declares its readiness
to withdraw from the occupied Arab territories in compliance with United
Nations resolutions 242 and 338 and Security Council resolution 1397,
enhanced by the Madrid conference and the land-for-peace principle,
and the acceptance of an independent, sovereign Palestinian state with
al-Quds al-Sharif as its capital, the Council calls on the
Israeli government to review its policy and to resort to peace while
declaring that just peace is its strategic option.
The Council also calls on Israel to assert the following:
Complete withdrawal from the Arab territories occupied since 1967,
including full withdrawal from the occupied Syrian Golan Heights and the
remaining occupied parts of south Lebanon to the June 4, 1967 lines.
To accept to find an agreed, just solution to the problem of Palestinian
refugees in conformity with Resolution 194.
To accept an independent and sovereign Palestinian state on the
Palestinian lands occupied since June 4, 1967 in the West Bank and Gaza Strip
and with Jerusalem (al-Quds al-Sharif) as its capital in accordance with
Security Council Resolution 1397.
In return, the Arab states assert the following:
To consider the Arab-Israeli conflict over and to enter into a peace
treaty with Israel to consolidate this.
To achieve comprehensive peace for all the states of the region.
To establish normal relations within the context of comprehensive peace
The Council calls on the Israeli government and the Israelis as a whole to
accept this initiative to protect the prospects of peace and to spare
bloodshed so as to enable the Arab states and Israel to coexist side by side
and to provide for the coming generations a secure, stable and prosperous
It calls on the international community with all its organisations and states
to support the initiative.
The Council calls on its presidency, its secretary general and its follow-up
committee to follow up on the special contacts related to this initiative and
to support it on all levels, including the United Nations, the United States,
Russia, the European Union and the Security Council.