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LEBANON WHO'S WHO (A-H)   
LEBANON: Home page 

ABOUT LEBANON: Books | Documents | Economy | Hizbullah  
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THIS SECTION: Who's Who index | Biographies A-H | Biographies I-Z 

Readers are welcome to contact us with any additions or amendments to the biographical notes on this page. 

A

ABDULLAH, Ali Ajjaj

Born: Saraaine al Faouka (Baalbeck), 1962.

Education: PhD in Computer Sciences, Claude Bernard University (Lyon).

Profession: Professor and Head of Information Technology Department at the Lebanese University, Faculty of Business Administration, Executive Committee Member at the Lebanese Red Cross.

Political background: Member of the Executive Committee of "Amal" Movement, Bekaa Regional Officer. Appointed Minister of Agriculture in October 2000.


AOUN, Michel ('Awn)

Born: 1935, to a Maronite-Christian family. After Military Academy, he trained in France and the USA, becoming Commander in Chief of the Lebanese armed forces in 1984.

In 1988 Amin Gemayel's term as president ended and Gemayel appointed Aoun as acting president, since parliament was unable to meet and choose a successor. The appointment was disputed by the prime minister, Salim al-Hoss, who dismissed Aoun from his military command. Aoun then seized Beirut and declared a "war of liberation" against Syria. 

Eventually defeated militarily, he fled to the French embassy in October 1990 and was later granted political asylum in France.

  • Sympathetic profile: MEIB (January 2001)

ARIDI, Ghazi

Born: Baisour, Lebanon, on October 17, 1954.

Education: Faculty of Sciences, Physics Studies, Lebanese University.

Political background: Member of the Progressive Socialist Party since 1972, Assistant Secretary General in 1983. Member of PSP's Command Council and Central Information Officer since 1987. Political Adviser of PSP President Walid Joumblatt since 1991. In 1981, he founded radio "Voice of the Mountain" and was the director and political commentator until its closure in 1994. Member of the Arab Nationalist Conference.

Member of Parliament: Elected for the first time in 2000 for the Druze seat in Beirut's third electoral district (Ras Beirut, Ain el Mreissé, Mina el Hosn, Zkak el Blat, Pori Medawar) on Hariri's electoral list "Beirut Al Karama" (Beirut Dignity).

Appointed Minister of Information in October 2000.

Publications: "Words in Difficult Times", a four-volume book published in 1992, gathering speeches and political comments of Mr. Aridi given to radio Voice of the Mountain; "Lebanon: A Big Price for a Small Role" (1999), a political analysis of the situation in Lebanon and the Middle East and Lebanon's next role.


ARSLAN, Talal

Born: Choueifat, June 12, 1963, son of late Deputy and Minister Mir Majid Arslan.

Education: Pursued his studies in Lebanon and England. BA in Political Science and Economy from George Washington University (United States), Masters from the American University of Beirut.

Political background: Politician since 1988. Member of Parliament: Appointed deputy in 1991, elected in 1992, re-elected in 1996 and 2000 for the Druze seat at Baabda-Aley third district of Mount Lebanon. Member of the Foreign Affairs and Lebanese Immigrants Parliamentary Committee.

Ministerial portfolio: Minister of Tourism in Omar Karame government (24 Dec 1990 - 6 May 1992), Minister of Immigrants during the third Hariri government (7 Nov 1996 - 4 Dec 1998). Appointed Minister of State, October 2000.

B

BAYDOUN, Habib Nazib

Born: Bint Jbeil, 1947.

Education: Masters in Political Sciences and Administration from the Lebanese University.

Profession: Director of the National Social Security Fund (NSSF) in the cazas of Tyr and Bint Jbeil (South Lebanon) 1995-2000.

Political background: Member of the regional council of the Ba’ath Party.

Appointed Minister of State, October 2000.


BAYDOUN, Mohammed Abdel-Hamid

Born: Bachoura (Beirut), February 5, 1952. Origins from Bint Jbeil (South Lebanon).

Education: BA in Mathematics from the Lebanese University, PhD in Mathematics from Claude Bernard University (Lyon, France).

Profession: Mathematics Professor at the Lebanese University, Faculty of Education and Business Administration (1976-1988).

Political background: High official of "Amal Movement" since 1980, member of Political Bureau in 1982; president of the bureau on 14 Oct. 1998, former President of Council of the South (1985-1991).

Member of Parliament: Appointed deputy in 1991, elected in 1992, re-elected in 1996 and 2000 for the Shi’ite seat in Tyr (Tyre, South Lebanon).

Ministerial Portfolio: Minister of Housing and Cooperatives in Omar Karame government (24 Dec 1990 - 10 May 1992), Minister of Electrical and Water Resources in Rachid El Solh government (16 May 1992 - 30 Oct 1992). Appointed Minister of Electrical and Water Resources, October 2000.


BERRI, Nabih

Born: Sierra Leone, 1938. 

Education: primary education in South Lebanon. Secondary education at the Makassed and Ecole de la Sagesse in Beirut. Graduated from the Lebanese University with a degree in Law, and took masters degree from the "Faculte de Droit" in Paris.

Profession: began as a lawyer in 1963. Was also president of Lebanese Students Movement and Lebanese Universities Union.

Political background: head of Amal movement since 1980. Favoured Imam Moussa Al Sadr in his political activities. Appointed Minister of State for the rebuilding of South Lebanon, 1984. Later Minister of Justice, Electrical and Hydraulic resources. Elected speaker of parliament on 20 November, 1992.

C

CARDAHI, Jean-Louis

Born: Jbeil (Kesrouan), July 30, 1962, son of engineer entrepreneur, Louis Cardahi, who was a very active figure in the political and archeological domain in Jbeil and the region.

Education: Civil Engineering from "Polytechnique Lausanne" University (Switzerland), 1986.

Profession: Entrepreneur, owner of "Louis Cardahi Establishment". President of the federation of Jbeil province municipalities and president of Jbeil municipality. Member of the board of the public works entrepreneurs syndicate since 1992. Member of the Lebanese Cooperative Association for development. Founding member of the Louis Cardahi Foundation for the promotion of Jbeil (Byblos) culture and history.

Political background: Appointed Minister of Telecommunications, October 2000.

D

DIAB Asaad

Born: Chmestar (Baalbeck), 1938.

Education: BA in Law from Saint-Joseph University in 1962. PhD in Law from the Lebanese University. Diploma from the Institute of judicial studies.

Profession: President of the Lebanese University. Former judge: member of the Trade Court (Beirut), member of the High Court, single judge of Batroun Court, president of the Primary Court in North Lebanon, North Lebanon Penal Court counsellor, director and then president of the Institute of Judicial Studies. Military Committing Magistrate, president of the Private Banks Court, Professor of Civil Law at the faculty of Law in the Lebanese University, professor of Civil Law at the High Studies Department in the Arab University of Beirut, Member of the Superior Committee of Administrative Reform, Former President of Lebanese University since May 16, 1992.

Publications: Author of several books on public law.

Political background: Minister of Finance in Rachid El Sol government (16 May 1992 - 30 Oct 1992). Appointed Minister of Social Affairs, October 2000.

F

FARES, Issam Issa al-

Born: Beïno (Akkar), 1935.

Education: Diploma in Commerce (1953) from College School of Commerce, Tripoli.

Profession: Businessman, founder of Wedge Bank, President and Chairman of several national and international companies (USA, Switzerland, Holland), President of Fares Foundation for promoting education and working in several fields: Health, agriculture, art and industry. Through his Foundation, he was able to support the American University of Beirut by granting US$2 million. His philanthropic activities reach Boston in the USA through Tufts University. Member of Tufts University board ofadministration.

Political background: Member of Parliament: Elected for the first time in 1996, re-elected in 2000 for the Greek-Orthodox seat in Akkar, for the first circle in the Mohafazat of North Lebanon.

Appointed Deputy Prime Minister, October 2000.


FLEIHAN, Bassel

Born: Ain Zhalta, September 10, 1963.

Education: PhD in Economy from Colombia University (1990), MA in International and Development Economics from Yale University, BA in Economics from the American University of Beirut (AUB) (1981-1984).

Profession: University Professor and Economist Professor of Economy at the American University of Beirut since 1994, Economic Counsellor for Finance Minister Fouad Siniora (1993-1998), Director of BIRD/PNUD project for the rehabilitation of the Ministry of Finance (1993-1999), Assistant then Executive Director Counselor of the IMF (1988-1990) Member of the Executive Board of the Association for the Development of Beirut.

Political background: Member of Parliament: Elected for the first time in 2000 for the minorities seat (protestant) in Beirut first electoral district (Achrafieh, Saifi, Mazraa) in Hariri's electoral list "Beirut Al Karama" (Dignity of Beirut). Appointed Minister of Economy and Commerce, October 2000.


FRANJIEH Suleiman (Sleiman)

Born: Zghorta (North Lebanon) October 18, 1964. Son of late minister and deputy Toni Frangie (assassinated in 1977), grandson of late President Sleiman Frangie.

Education: Lebanese Baccalaureate

Political background: President of "Al Marada" movement. Member of Parliament: Appointed deputy on June 7, 1991, elected in 1992, re-elected in 1996 and 2000 for the Maronite seat of Zgharta for the second district in the Mohafazat of North Lebanon.

Ministerial Portfolio: Minister of State (24 Dec1990 - 10 May 1993) in the government of former Prime Minister Omar Karame. Minister of Housing and Cooperatives (16 May 1992 - 30 October 1992) in the government of former Prime Minister Rachid El Solh. Minister of State for Municipal and Rural Affairs in the first Hariri government (31 Oct 1992 - 25 May 1995). Minister of Public Health (7 Nov 1996 - 4 Dec 1998) in the third Hariri government. Minister of Agriculture, and Housing and Cooperatives in Hoss government (4 Dec 1998 - Oct 2000). Appointed Minister of Public Health, October 2000.


FREM, Georges (Efram)

Born: Haret Sakhr (Jounieh), February 11, 1934.

Education: Training sessions in industrial management at Harvard University (USA).

Profession: Businessman. Chairman of the industrial group "Indevco" (USA, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Brazil and Lebanon).

Member of the Board of Administration of the Lebanese Industrialists' Association (10 years); member of the Executive Office since 1975.

Political background: Member of Parliament: Elected for the first time in 2000 for Keserwan Jbeil Maronite seat in the 1st circle in Mount Lebanon.

Ministerial portfolio: Minister of Post and Telecom, Industry and Oil (8 Oct 1982 - 30 April 1984) in the Chafic Al Wazan government. Minister of Power and Water in the first Hariri government (31 Oct 1992 until resignation on 11 July 1993). Appointed Minister of Industry, October 2000.

H

HAMADI, Marwan

Date of Birth: Baakiline (Chouf), 11 September 1939.

Education: B.A. in Law from Saint-Joseph University, Beirut (1963), PHD in Economy from Saint-Joseph University in Beirut (1964).

Profession: Lawyer, economist, journalist and businessman. Senior accountant at "BSR" 1964. Co-founder of "L’Orient le Jour" newspaper, senior editorialist (1971- 75), correspondent of RTL (1968-80), Le Point (1971-80), Assistant Manager of "An-Nahar" newspaper 1975-76. Founder and Director of An-Nahar International Publications S.A. (1977). Member of the board of administration of "Siblin Cement" President of "Idarat" executive office. Member of board of administration of Crédit Libanais and First National Bank. Member of the Druze Permanent Office for Research and Development. Member of the UNESCO International Bioethical Committee, along with 35 international personalities, since July 2000.

Publications: "Islam and Participation" (1974, in Arabic); "From km 101 to Geneva" (1974).

Political background: Member of the parliamentary bloc "National Struggle Front" that was enlarged to include the "Democratic Gathering" after the 2000 legislative elections. Member of the national delegation of the Salvation Front to Geneva and Lausanne 1983-84. Member of the National Constitutional Reform Committee Sep 1984. Member of Parliament: Appointed deputy in 1991, elected in 1992, re-elected in 1996 and 2000 for the Chouf Druze seat, 4th electoral district of Mohafazat of Mount Lebanon. President of the Planning and Development Commission (1996-2000). Member of the Parliamentary Commission of the Public Health, Labor and Social Affairs. Ministerial Portfolio: Minister of Tourism in Former Prime Minister Chafic Wazzan government (25 Oct.1980 - 24 Sep 1982). Minister of Economy and Commerce in Omar Karame government (24 Dec 1990 - 10 May 1992). Minister of Health and Social Affairs in Rachid El Solh government (16 May 1992 - 30 Oct 1992). Minister of Health and Social Affairs in Hariri government (31 Oct 1992 - 25 May 1995). Minister of Health in Hariri government (25 May 1995 - 6 Nov 1996). Appointed Minister of Displaced, October 2000.


HAMMOUD, Mahmoud Ali

Born: Kfarkila, 1935

Education: Degree in Law from the Lebanese University and Saint-Joseph University. MA in Psychology. MA in Literature from the Lebanese University .

Profession: Diplomat Charge d'affaires at the Lebanese Consulate in Rabat, Morocco and Turkey, 1963. Counsellor at the Lebanese Embassy in London, 1973-1975. Counsellor at the Lebanese Embassy in Paris 1975-1978 where he was nominated Ambassador. Ambassador at the Lebanese Embassy in the United Arab Emirates (1978-1983). Ambassador at the Lebanese Embassy in Bonn 1983-1985. Director of the Economic Affairs at the Central Administration 1985-86. Ambassador at the Lebanese Embassy in Moscow and Finland (1986-1990). Ambassador at the Lebanese Embassy in Great Britain and North Ireland (1990-1999) - during this period he was appointed dean of the diplomatic corps in London.

Participated in eight sessions of the United Nations General Assembly, and in the Lebanese delegation of the UNCTAD Conference in 1972. In 1999, he was appointed member of the Economic and Social Council. On 2 June 2000, he was appointed Director General of that council.

Political background: Ministerial Portfolio: Appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and Immigrants, October 2000.


HARIRI, Rafic (Rafiq, Rafik) 

Born: Sidon, November 1944

Education: School in Saida (Sidon); Higher Commercial Studies from Beirut Arab University, 1966.

In 1969, he travelled to Saudi Arabia where he established his own company, Ciconest. In 1978, he founded Saudi Oger, which he built into one of the largest Arab construction companies. He remains the owner and director of several worldwide companies.

Noted for various philanthropic activities, in 1979, he founded the Hariri Foundation, a non-profit organisation which helped more than 30,000 students to pursue university studies in Lebanon, France, Britain, and the US.

Prime Minister Hariri served as Lebanon prime minister from November 1992 until November 1998, and again from October 2000.


HELOU, Pierre

Born: Baabda (Mount-Lebanon), 21 January 1928

Education: School of Engineering, top of his class, 1945-1946 Profession: Businessman.

Political background: 1972 one of the founders of "Deprived Movement" established by Imam Moussa el-Sadr. Elected President of the Maronite League (1997-2000). Member of Parliament: Elected for the first time as a deputy for Aley, 1972. Reelected deputy for Aley 1992-1996, while Christians boycott legislative elections. Re-entered the Parliament after the 2000 legislative elections. President of the Parliamentary Committee for Displaced People. Member of the Parliamentary Committee for Budget and Finance. Ministerial portfolio: Minister in charge of the creation of the Ministry of Industry and Petrol, during late Saeb Salam second government (27 May 1972 - 10 April 1973). Appointed Minister of State, October 2000.


HOSS, Salim al-

Born: 20 December, 1929, to a Sunni Muslim family. BA in business administration from the American University of Beirut, 1952. MA from AUB 1957. PhD in economy and business administration, Indiana University, 1961.

Profession: economist. Financial adviser to Kuwait Development Fund, 1964. Chairman, Lebanese Banking Control Commission, 1966. Chairman, Industrial Development Bank, 1973.

Numerous publications: "Lebanon Peace and Agony", plus eight books in Arabic.

Political background: "Salvation and Change 92" - National Parliamentary Group. Three terms as prime minister: 1976-80, 1987-90, 1998-2000. Also served as minister of Foreign Affairs, Labour, Education, Information, Economy and Trade.


HOVNANIAN, Sebouh

Born: Beirut, 25 August 1947

Education: Saint-Joseph University Medical School.

Profession: Dental surgeon.

Political background: Secretary General of the Tachnag Armenian political party, 1982; member of the Central Committee 1985 -1998. Re-elected as Secretary General of the Tachnag Armenian party in April 1996.

Member of Parliament: Elected for the first time in 1996, re-elected in 2000 for the Armenian Orthodox seat of North Matn, for the second electoral district of the Mohafazat of Mount Lebanon. Member of the parliamentary committees: Defence, Interior and Security (1996-2000), Health, Labor and Social Affairs (1996-2000). Appointed Minister of Sports and Youth, October 2000.


HRAWI, Khalil (Hraoui, Harawi)

Born: Haouch el Oumara (Zahle), March 18, 1948. Son of former deputy and minister Georges Hraoui and nephew of former President Elias Hrawi.

Education: Degree in Law from Saint-Joseph University, 1973

Profession: Businessman

Political background: Member of Parliament: Elected deputy in 1992, reelected in 1996 and 2000 for Zahle Maronite seat, 2nd electoral district in the Mohafazat of Bekaa. Member of the friendship group Lebanon-France, Lebanon-Brazil. President of the Budget and Finance Parliamentary Committee. Member of the Agriculture, Tourism and Environment Committee. Appointed Minister of Defence, October 2000.

  

Last revised on 18 June, 2009