An open door to the Arab world


Country briefing






Special topics


Arts and culture






The uprising of 2011

2011 Libyan uprising  

Interim Transitional National Council  
The opposition website

Libya Alhurra 
Online TV channel

A vision of a democratic Libya 
Statement by Interim National Council, 29 March 2011

Draft Constitutional Charter 
National Tranistional Council, August 2011 (full text, pdf)

UN Security Council resolution 1973  
17 March, 2011

UN Security Council resolution 1970 
26 February 2011

Libya and its tribes  
Tribal aspects of the uprising. Brian Whitaker's blog, 2 March 2011.

Muammar Gaddafi: method in his 'madness' 
Brian Whitaker, Comment Is Free, 23 Feb 2011

Basic information

Latest news from Libya

History, politics, geography, economy and more

Libya: a country study
Detailed information from the US Library of Congress

CIA World Factbook - Libya

Nationmaster: Libya 
A compilation of facts and figures from many sources

Medea - Libya 
(European Institute for Research on Mediterranean and Euro-Arab Cooperation)

BBC country profile - Libya

Maps of Libya

Local time

Local weather

Currency converter 
Libyan dinar (LYD)

Communications in Libya (Wikipedia)

National flag of Libya

National anthem 
Audio, lyrics and sheet music (National Anthems Reference Page). See also previous national anthem (1951-69).

Languages of Libya
Ethnologue Database

The Lockerbie bombing 
Wikipedia on the crash of Pan Am flight 103

Lockerbie documents 
The investigation, trial and UN sanctions


Constitutional background

Text of current constitution - 11 Dec 1969

Declaration on the Establishment of the Authority of the People - 1977

Previous constitution (1951-69)
Full text of the constitution that was in place before Qadhafi's takeover

Constitutional information 
Law Library of Congress

Elections and parliament (Medea)

List of government ministers (CIA)

Heads of state and prime ministers
Historical list (ZPC database)

Colonel Who? 
Thirty-two different ways to spell the Libyan leader's name.

The Green Book of Colonel Qadhafi. 

Escape to Hell 
A short story by Colonel Qadhafi

National Front for the Salvation of Libya
Opposition group's web site (English and Arabic)

Human rights reports


Libya timeline
A chronology of key events (from the BBC)

Libya: a country study
Includes a substantial historical section

Italian occupation and the Libyan Resistance
From 1911 until 1945 Libya was occupied by Italy. With photographs.


Libyan newspapers 

Press freedom and censorship


US State Department
Consular information and travel advice

British Foreign Office
Travel advice

Lonely Planet 
Online tourist guide to Libya

Libyan Arab Airlines
The national airline

Electricity and phones (Steve Kropla)
Plugs, sockets, TV system, mobile roaming, etc.

Lepcis Magna
A World Heritage archaeological site near Tripoli, originally founded by the Phoenicians in the 10th Century BC


Libya and the IMF

Economic news and data (zawya.com)

Libyan exports (Medea)

Libyan imports (Medea)

Oil, gas, and electricity
US Energy Information Administration

Water in Libya
Aquastat country profile

The Great Man-Made River project
An ambitious scheme to bring water from the southern part of Libya to irrigate northern agricultural areas

The Great Manmade River (Medea)


Welcome to Libya
An untitled site covering all things Libyan, from the Colonel's speeches to the invention of a rocket car.

Libya Online

Libya Web

(Australian Revolutionary Committees)


Libyan literature and art
(in Arabic, via Ibrahim Ighneiwa)


In the Libya section


Books from Amazon

Libya: The Political Economy of Oil
Judith Gurney. Hardcover, 1996

Libya Since Independence: Oil and State-Building
Dirk Vandewalle. Paperback, 1998

The Maverick State: Gaddafi and the New World Order
Guy Arnold. Paperback, 1997

The Clandestine Building of Libya's Chemical Weapons Factory: A Study in International Collusion
Thomas C. Wiegele. Hardcover, 1992

Flight From Benghazi
Florence Hartke Rohloff, Florence Hartke Roholff. Hardcover, 1998

The Green and the Black: Qadhafi's Policies in Africa
Rene Lemarchand (Editor). Hardcover, 1988

Islam and the Third Universal Theory: The Religious Thought of Mu'Ammar Al-Qadhdhafi
Mahmoud Ayoub. Paperback, 1992

Libya: The Struggle for Survival
Geoff Simons. Hardcover, 1993

Libyan Mammals
Ernst Hufnagi. Paperback

The Libyan Revolution
I.M. Arif, M.O. Ansell. Hardcover

Libyan Stories: Twelve Short Stories from Libya
Ahmad Ibrahim Faqih (Editor), Ahmed Fagih (Editor). Hardcover, 1999

Mad Dogs: The U.S. Raids on Libya
Mary Kaldor, E.P. Thompson (Editor). Paperback, 1986

The Making of a Pariah State
Martin Sicker. Hardcover, 1987

Modern Libya: a Study in Political Development
Majid Khadduri. Hardcover, 1963

The Politics of Liquidation: The Reagan Administration Policy Toward the Arabs
Claudia. Wright. Paperback, 1986

Qaddafi: His Ideology in Theory and Practice
Mohamed El Khawas. Paperback, 1986

Qaddafi: The Man and His Policies
Janice Monti-Belkaoui, Ahmed Riahi-Belkaoui. Hardcover, 1996


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Last revised on 01 November, 2013