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Country briefing

 
 

News

 
 

Reference

 
 

Special topics

 
  

Arts and culture

  
  

Diversity

 
     

Environment

   

Deserts

Arab countries straddle three of the world's largest deserts

Sand dunes 
Wikipedia

Types of dunes 
(US Geological Survey)

The First Crossing of the Empty Quarter
by Wilfred Thesiger (from the book, "Arabian Sands")

The Physics of Blown Sand
by William Langewiesche (from the book, "Sahara Unveiled")


The Fertile Crescent

The Fertile Crescent is a comparatively well-watered and fertile area of the Middle East which stretches eastwards in a semi-circle from the Mediterranean to the Gulf, broadly following the line of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. It includes parts of Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Iran and Iraq. 

The Fertile Crescent 
Wikipedia

The Fertile Crescent 
Historical background

Maps and images 
of the Fertile Crescent


The Iraqi marshes

The Marsh Arabs 
Wikipedia

Iraq's Marsh Arabs in the Garden of Eden 
A photographic tour

Marsh Arabs, water diversion, and cultural survival 
ICE case study, 2001

Ancient fertile crescent almost gone, satellite images show  
National Geographic, 18 May 2001

Iraq's 'devastated' Marsh Arabs 
BBC, 3 March 2003


Plants and flowers

Argan: the tree of life 
(al-bab.com)

The Argan tree
This remarkable tree grows in Morocco, surviving drought, preventing soil erosion and providing food for people and goats alike. (In French)

The Wonder Land of Socotra, Yemen 
Alan Burdick, New York Times, 25 March, 2007

Friends of Soqotra
Website includes information about the island's flora and fauna

Soqotra's Misty Future 

Socotra 
Wikipedia


Birds

Ornithological Society of the Middle East (OSME)
Information for bird-watchers in the Arab world

Falconry 
The ancient sport of the Bedouin


The sea

Pearl hunting 
Wikipedia

Pearl Diving
For hundreds of years, the finest pearls in the world were found in the waters of the Arabian Gulf

Fisheries Development in the Arab World 
By Izzat H Feidi. UN Food and Agriculture Organisation 


Pollution

The black desert
Oil lakes, and other environmental consequences of the 1990 invasion. The Guardian, 16 August, 2000

Environmental and Economic Repercussions of the Persian Gulf War on Kuwait 
By Melissa Krupa. ICE Case Studies, May, 1997

The 1991 Gulf War: Environmental Assessments 
International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources,1994

Jiyeh power station oil spill 
Lebanon, 2006. (Wikipedia)

Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment 
Lebanon, 2006. (United Nations Environment Program)

Environmental 'crisis' in Lebanon 
BBC, 31 July 2006

Lebanon oil slick 'hits seabed'
BBC, 23 August 2006

Lifting the Black Cloud
Cairo’s air pollution crisis has had a major impact on the health of its inhabitants and the environment.

Oil weapons
As used in the siege of Constantinople (680 CE)

Air pollution and traffic plague Damascus
( Tharwa Foundation)


Camels

The Arabian camel (dromedary) 
Wikipedia

Camelus dromedarius
Its height, weight, habitat, diet, etc.

Camels and their cousins
The camel is related to the llama, the alpaca, the vicuna and the guanaco.

     

In the environment section

 

 

 
 
 
 


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Last revised on 28 July, 2009